Stars And Spray

The Milky Way arcs downward to the raging seas of the Tsitsikamma coast, South Africa.

The Milky Way arcs downward to the raging seas of the Tsitsikamma coast, South Africa, passing rugged folds of quartzite (I think – I’m no geologist) gently lit by nearby cabins. This was also posted for +African Tuesday *African Rocks* on Google+ so let’s also assume a good proportion of these stars harbour planets or asteroids, many of which will be composed of rock! (and metals, and gas) Technically they aren’t African planetary rock formations yet, but Africa has the Southern African Large Telescope located in Sutherland, South Africa, and the Square Kilometre Array will be built across South Africa and Australia. So there’s a good chance that planets will be discovered through the lens of African “glass” and by my book that makes them African rocks.

This is a mindblowing place to sit hidden among the rock folds for a few hours in the dark night, waves quietly crashing around, silence behind, millions of jewels shining above, and the galaxy slowly – noticeably – drifting across the sky.

Technical notes: 15 seconds at probably f/3.2 or f/4.0 using the Samyang 14mm f/2.8 (manual aperture so not in Exif), which is an outstanding lens and great fun to use – very sharp in the corners/edges and not much coma (there’s some trailing in the very limits of this image due to the exposure time) on the Canon EOS 5D Mark III at ISO 3200, which is a very low ISO from someone who’s used to cranking up the 7D to unforgivable noise limits and still needing 25-30 second exposures, which all the trailing that entails. Mounted on a Manfrotto 190 CX PRO 3 tripod with a 501HDV fluid head, accompanied by a can of Castle or two.

My photo of the week: a spotlight on Bryce Canyon, USA

Here at Taraji Blue photography we’ve been looking back over our photography archive and releasing some of the shots taken in years gone by (even in the years before we went digital!).
I wanted to share this image (above) because it was one taken with a Canon Powershot Pro back in 2004, well before we had got our hands on any digital SLRs. It’s a shot taken in Utah, West USA at Bryce Canyon. The odd but beautiful rock formations are called Hoodoos and are very similar to those known and loved at Cappadocia in Turkey.  Here’s the sciency bit (courtesy of Wikipedia)…

Hoodoos form typically form in areas where a thick layer of a relatively soft rock, such as mudstone, poorly cemented sandstone or tuff (consolidated volcanic ash), is covered by a thin layer of hard rock, such as well-cemented sandstone, limestone or basalt. In glaciated mountainous valleys the soft eroded material may be glacial till with the protective capstones being large boulders in the till. Over time, cracks in the resistant layer allow the much softer rock beneath to be eroded and washed away. Hoodoos are formed where a small cap of the resistant layer remains, and protects a cone of the underlying softer layer from erosion. Further erosion of the soft layer causes the cap to be undercut, eventually falling off, and the remaining cone is then quickly eroded.

Typically, most hoodoos are formed by two weathering processes that continuously work together in eroding the edges of a rock formation. The primary weathering force at Bryce Canyon is frost wedging. The hoodoos at Bryce Canyon experience over 200 freeze/thaw cycles each year. In the winter, melting snow, in the form of water, seeps into the cracks and then freezes at night. When water freezes it expands by almost 10%, pries open the cracks bit by bit, making them even wider, much like the way in which a pothole forms in a paved road.

In addition to frost wedging, rain also sculpts these hoodoos. In most places today, the rainwater is slightly acidic which allows the weak carbonic acid to slowly dissolve limestone grain by grain. It is this process that rounds the edges of hoodoos and gives them their lumpy and bulging profiles. Where internal mudstone and siltstone layers interrupt the limestone, you can expect the rock to be more resistant to the chemical weathering because of the comparative lack of limestone. Many of the more durable hoodoos are capped with a special kind of magnesium-rich limestone called dolomite. Dolomite, being fortified by the mineral magnesium, dissolves at a much slower rate, and consequently protects the weaker limestone underneath it. Rain is also the chief source of erosion (the actual removal of the debris). In the summer, monsoon type rainstorms travel through the Bryce Canyon region bringing short duration high intensity rain.

Here at Taraji Blue we’ve become quite interested in geology and over the past 4 years or so have been really taken by some of the incredible rock formations that we have seen. I have previously written a blog post which shares some of our favorite geology photos. The post is available here on the Taraji Blue blog archive.

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Rock Formations – The New Obsession

Flamborough cliffs

Ever since we saw the incredible rock formations of Greenland’s seascapes (see bottom picture) we’ve become hooked on photographing geology. We’ve found the coastlines of the UK especially fruitful for wierd and wonderful rock formations. I have chosen our top three geology images to share with you today.

The most recent is the shot above – It’s of Flamborough cliffs in East Yorkshire, taken from on-board the Yorkshire Belle on an RSPB cruise. I love the undulations and the way the vegetation hugs the chalk cliffs, but most of all I love the sense of scale…if you look to the bottom of the photo you’ll see a puffin taking off from the water and guillemots on the coastline. We’ve called this “History Repeated”.

Part of a crumpled, warped C shape layer of rock is shown just beneath the top of the cliffs at the Butt of Lewis, Outer Hebrides.

The photo above we call “History C”. It’s part of a crumpled, warped C shape layer of rock located just beneath the top of the cliffs at the Butt of Lewis, Outer Hebrides. We had to climb quite a way down the cliffs to discover and photograph this image.

The image below is what started the whole obsession “History V”. Taken aboard the MS Expedition in Arctic Greenland. It’s an incredible and graphical image highlighting the power of nature and the age of our planet.

The rock formations of Arctic Greenland

Additional photos are available in our TarajiBlue photo gallery.

Categorized as Geology, News